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Like many place names in Albania this city can be spelled in many ways like Gjirokastra, Argyrokastro, Gjinokaster, Ljurocastru, Girokaster. In the Ottoman period it was known as Ergiri.
It has a sizeable Greek minority and that has at times caused unrest. One source claims the Greeks are about 10% of the inhabitants, while the Greeks themselves claim they are 32%.
As can be seen there are very small if any windows or openings close to the ground and then the windows become bigger the higher up you get. The reason is of course for protection. People lived on the top, on the ground floor it was sheds snd storage and stables.
Gjirokaster is on the World Heritage List from UNESCO,